Alpaca fleece is soft, durable and luxurious with a silky sheen. Although its chemical and physical qualities are, in many respects, similar to those of sheep wool, it is superior to cashmere and mohair because the fabric does not mat or pill. It is warmer, does not scratch, does not contain lanolin and is both hypoallergenic and thermoregulating. At the same time, it is naturally water-repellent and flame-resistant. Alpaca fibre and sheep’s wool are processed in a very similar fashion, all the way from preparation, carding, spinning, and weaving as well as finishing.
Huacaya fleece stands out for its dense, soft, loose fibre, characterised by a fine wavy texture known as the ‘crimp’. This makes the yarn naturally elastic, so it is ideal for knitted production methods. On the other hand, the long, straight coat of the suri resembles pencils or dreadlocks: this provides a straighter fibre that is more suitable for woven fabrics.
Thanks to its unique silky softness and a diversity of colours (22 internationally defined colours, 90 colour tones and more than 200 blends), alpaca fibre is used by luxury designers for both knitted items and tailored creations consisting of premium materials. It is a scarce and highly sought-after material.
When it comes to the quality of the fleece, the crucial factors are fineness (low micron count), high density, consistency and homogeneity (low standard deviation), uniform crimp, a silky sheen, and a high average weight. In addition, the ‘handle’ is an important aspect in terms of processing. What matters here is whether the fibre is soft or hard to the touch, regardless of the degree of fineness. The proportion of topcoat is also significant, as this coarse fibre reduces the value of the fleece.
Good animal health is the precondition for a high-quality fleece. After all, only a healthy alpaca can sustainably produce a good fibre over the long term. We therefore pay very close attention to exacting standards of hygiene and cleanliness. Furthermore, we embrace our responsibility as breeders and aim to exclude genetic defects. We explicitly aim to eliminate any identifiable influences of guanacos and to produce nothing other than top-quality fibre.